South Carolina Picture Project

Historic Brattonsville — McConnells, South Carolina

SC Picture Project  |  York County  |  Historic Brattonsville

This house is part of Historic Brattonsville – a 775-acre Revolutionary War battlefield site with over 30 historic structures dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. On July 11, 1780, a British Legion troop led by Captain Christian Huck (also spelled Houk) of Philadelphia arrived at the plantation of Patriot colonel William Bratton, who had recently been at home to check on his harvest and recruit for Sumter’s Brigade.

Brattonsville House

Pete Lawrence of Sumter, 2008 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Prior to Huck’s arrival, Colonel Bratton had learned of Huck’s impending attack and set off with his troops to intercept them at Walker’s Mill in Chester County, where he erroneously believed the Tories were camped. When Captain Huck and his men reached Bratton’s home, they found only his wife, Martha, and threatened her for information on her husband’s location. Martha famously refused, and Huck moved to the nearby property of James Williamson to await Bratton and his men.

Historic Brattonsville

Jameson van Vegten of Richburg, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Back at Walker’s Mill, Bratton received word that Huck’s force was encamped at Williamson Plantation. Bratton planned to ambush the Tories at dawn. At daybreak on July 12, 1780, Huck and his men were soundly defeated by Colonel Bratton and his force in a battle that lasted about 10 minutes.

Brattonsville Historic District

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The event restored the morale of the Patriots, which had been in decline since the Seige of Charleston that May. The battle was one of several American victories that led to our nation’s ultimate triumph and independence.

Brattonsville York SC

Steven Faucette of Williamston, 2009 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Bratton family continued to prosper after the war. Their small family farm was transformed by the prosperity of cotton, and it became a large plantation with many slaves. As the family’s wealth increased, the Brattons became leaders in local society.

Brattonsville SC

Steven Faucette of Williamston, 2009 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

They began building an impressive estate in the early 1820s to reflect their wealth. Many of the buildings were constructed from lumber and bricks cut and made right on the property. The Bratton family lived here until 1910. It was then maintained by tenets and farmers working for the Brattons until the 1950s, when it was divided and sold.

Brattonsville Fence

Stacy McConnell of Rock Hill © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The new owners restored many of the buildings. By 2001 York County had gained possession of much of the land and turned it into a living museum. The Homestead House, however, is still owned by descendants of the Bratton family and is operated by the York County Culture and Heritage Commission.


Howard Lawless of Lancaster © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The plantation became internationally famous when it appeared in the filming of the Revolutionary War movie, The Patriot. Annual events at historic Brattonsville include the Battle of Huck’s Defeat, the Piedmont Pottery Festival, Civil War reenactments, and Christmas candlelight tours.

Brattonsville Bell

Stacy McConnell of Rock Hill © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Homestead House with its double porches is one of the most striking homes on the property. This dining room, which served the Homestead House, was prominently featured in aforementioned The Patriot starring Mel Gibson.

The Homestead Dining Room

Jameson van Vegten of Richburg, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Historic Brattonsville is listed in the National Register:

Brattonsville is a small but important area of York County significant for its architectural record of South Carolina development. Brattonsville Historic District includes three distinctive homes built between 1776 and 1855 by the Brattons, a prominent York County family. The Revolutionary House, built in 1776 by Colonel William Bratton, was originally a one-room log house with a small porch. It was the home of Colonel William Bratton who fought in the Revolutionary War. Later additions were added to the original structure and clapboard siding was placed over the original logs.

The Homestead, Brattonsville’s second house built ca. 1830, was the home of Dr. John S. Bratton and was significant as a center of an 8,500-acre agricultural complex. This twelve-room, two-and-one-half-story antebellum mansion is an example of Greek Revival residential architecture. The interior features Adam mantels, exquisite dadoes, and a carved staircase. The Brick House, built in 1855, has a two-story brick façade with end chimneys, a two-tiered portico, stucco-over-brick columns, and a two-story wooden wing at back. It was originally a private boarding school for girls.

Reflections on Brattonsville

Contributor James Boone, who visited the living museum in 2013, shares with us his Brattonsville experience:

“We visited a community this weekend called Brattonsville near McConnells, SC, a 775-acre site with 30 structures dating back to the 1760s. The community is located off Highway 321 close to Rock Hill, SC. The Brattonsville site represents the history of Scots-Irish and African-American people in South Carolina before lives changed during the Civil War. Three brothers – William, Robert and Hugh Bratton – settled the property in the 1760s, and all the brothers fought during the Revolutionary War. The brothers fought in a battle near the current museum [against] overwhelming British forces and defeated them, which was a turning point in the war, on July 12, 1780.

Brattonsville Marker

James Boone of West Columbia, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

“There are more than 30 structures on this site which preserves the way of life during the early 18th century and beyond. Brattonsville is the site of Huck’s Defeat in 1780, which was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. Later, Americans also won victories over British forces at Kings Mountain in October 1780 and then at Cowpens in January of 1781.”

Huck's Defeat Marker

James Boone of West Columbia, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Historic Brattonsville

James Boone of West Columbia, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Historic Brattonsville Info

Address: 1444 Brattonsville Road, McConnells, SC 29726
GPS Coordinates: 34.864725,-81.175523

Historic Brattonsville Map

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6 Comments about Historic Brattonsville

SCIWAY says:
July 3rd, 2015 at 8:13 am

Hello, Bill! Thank you for visiting the South Carolina Picture Project. Here is a phone number for Historic Brattonsville: (803) 628-6553. We are not connected with the museum, but hopefully someone there can answer your question. Best of luck!

bill robertson says:
July 2nd, 2015 at 4:58 pm

We will be visiting your plantation soon, wondering if picnic areas are available and if photography is allowed………..

Duane Givens says:
September 21st, 2014 at 8:52 pm

Would love a digital image of SCR 975.7 Which is a toast –

“To Captain James Martin,Thomas Black, Thomas Carson, Samuel Neely, Daniel Givens, William Henry and his four sons, William, Malcolm, John, Alexander, –True Patriots, brave and fearless soldiers. They were always willing to face the enemy; — always willing to give him battle.”

Daniel Givens is the patriarch of our family and I recently did the
paperwork for her (Karen Kay Givens Lietz) DAR membership.

Assistance in this request would be greatly appreciated.

Duane Givens

Sandra Bell McFadden says:
January 17th, 2012 at 11:33 am

I am a descendant of the Bratton family, I am trying to find out as much information about the family of William Bratton. My Grandmother was Isabella Bratton and her father was William Bratton. An uncle had records of all the family history, but sadly he has now passed. As I am a medium I like to keep records of my family history. Can anyone help.

SCIWAY says:
April 29th, 2011 at 6:59 am

Hi Holly! We do not know about the Brattonsville Plantation’s process of storing eggs in the sand, but it sounds very intriguing! The best place to get more information would be either from their website : or by calling them at 803.684.2327. Hope this helps! – SCIWAY

Holly Ince says:
April 28th, 2011 at 1:01 pm

My granddaughter says she visited Brattonsville Plantation and that you store eggs in sand for up to 3 years. I would like to know more on how this is done.


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