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Long Cane Massacre — Troy, South Carolina

SC Picture Project  |  McCormick County  |  Long Cane Massacre

The Long Cane Massacre (also referred to as the Long Canes Massacre) took place in the Long Canes area of Abbeville in 1760. Scots-Irish settlers established a community near Long Cane Creek in the early 1750s where the height of the canes indicated fertile soil. Cherokee Indians also considered this land their territory, and legally it belonged to them. The Cherokee were incensed over the new Scots-Irish settlement, and tensions over land escalated.

Long Canes Massacre Marker

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

On February 1, 1760, the settlement decided to move on to Fort Moore near Augusta, Georgia, as there had been a rash of local Cherokee attacks over land disputes. As the wagons caravanned from the Long Cane settlement, the Cherokee ambushed the party. The wagons became stuck in the boggy soil, and the Cherokee were able to kill dozens of settlers, capture fourteen others, and scalp nine children who miraculously survived. The mangled bodies of twenty-three victims were buried together in one grave, among them Catherine Calhoun, grandmother of John C. Calhoun. Calhoun’s father, Patrick, erected this gravestone in honor of his mother and the other settlers who were killed and buried here.

Long Cane Massacre Grave

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

A peace treaty was forged in 1761 between the settlers and the Cherokee, which included a 40-mile boundary line that currently runs between Abbeville and Anderson counties. A metal foot bridge built in 1945 crosses a stream near the site.

Long Cane Massacre Bridge

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Though the Calhouns are the more famous massacre victims, others were killed there as well. A newer grave stone commemorates the Norris family.

Long Cane Massacre Norris

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Long Cane Massacre site is listed in the National Register:

The Long Cane Massacre Site is significant to the history of exploration and settlement in South Carolina and for its association with the Cherokee War of 1760-61 and the Calhoun settlement of Long Cane. The property includes the gravestone which marks the place where twenty-three of the Long Cane settlers were killed in a bloody massacre by the Cherokee Indians on February 1, 1760.

Among those killed was Catherine Calhoun, matriarch of the Calhoun family, who figured prominently in the settlement of upcountry South Carolina. Long Cane Massacre can be attributed in part to a boundary dispute between the Cherokee Indians and white settlers over a parcel of land lying between Long Cane Creek and Little River. The site is located in a secluded area, contributing to the preservation of the site’s historic integrity. A small metal footbridge, built circa 1945, spans a small stream near the gravestone.

Long Cane Massacre Marker

Jim Jenkins of Chesterfield, 2017 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Long Cane Massacre Info

Address: South Carolina 10, Troy, SC 29848
GPS Coordinates: 33.99484,-82.33935

Long Cane Massacre Map

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46 Comments about Long Cane Massacre

Mike SpenceNo Gravatar says:
June 16th, 2018 at 6:35 pm

My mother’s family was at Cane Creek, their name is Houston and they ended up in Savanah, Georgia. King George gave them a land grant in Savannah as they had stayed Loyal to the Crown.

Margaret JenningsNo Gravatar says:
June 2nd, 2018 at 6:45 am

Does anyone have information on Squire Benjamin Jones who was at Long Canes at the time?

Brenda NewellNo Gravatar says:
May 21st, 2018 at 10:14 pm

Anna Quarles Calhoun and Issac Edward Matthews are my 4th Great Grandparents.

Teresa AbramNo Gravatar says:
March 11th, 2018 at 7:20 pm

I am a descendant of some of Tennessee’s Calhouns, Polk and McMinn Counties. I believe these also descend from the Calhouns of the massacre.

Kevin NorrisNo Gravatar says:
February 21st, 2018 at 1:48 am

Hello Mary Winifred Patrick Norris descendants! I too am a descendant of Mary, she is my 7th great-grandma. Im just discovering I have family on the Norris side and happy to connect and see how were cousins!

Barbara RothwellNo Gravatar says:
February 6th, 2018 at 9:47 pm

I have been reading several accounts of the Long Cane Massacre. Some report that William’s son James was killed here as well as his daughter, Catherine. Does anyone have definite information as to what happened to him?

Barbara RothwellNo Gravatar says:
February 4th, 2018 at 10:22 pm

It would be great to share information.

Zara Mary GurganiousNo Gravatar says:
February 4th, 2018 at 10:25 am

Mary Winifred Patrick was my 7th great-grandma. My grandmother’s side, family of Norris.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:49 am

Hi, Barbara!

Would love to talk more about your line from Ann Q. Calhoun!

Barbara RothwellNo Gravatar says:
January 31st, 2018 at 2:24 pm

To continue my family line, Joseph C. Mathews and Margaret Brough had 14 children. My ancestor is their daughter, Elizabeth Young Mathews and James Jordan Shanks, daughter, Martha Ellen and John Harvey McClinton, son Joseph Shanks McClinton who was my maternal grandfather.

Tamika EvansNo Gravatar says:
February 9th, 2018 at 7:46 pm

My family was owned by the Calhouns. My family member is Swaney Calhoun, childhood friend to John C. Calhoun. His father, Patrick, purchased Adam Calhoun from the Charleston port. I’m trying to find out more about what slave ship Adam came on and what country he was from. I’m also trying to find my great x2 mother Phoebe’s mother which would have been Swaney and his wife’s Matilda’s child. My grandmother is Mary Calhoun she is listed on the 1864 property lists.

Barbara RothwellNo Gravatar says:
January 31st, 2018 at 2:15 pm

Catherine Calhoun who was killed here was my 6th great grandmother, William, her son, my fifth great grandfather, and Ann, who was captured by the Indians and married Isaac Mathews is my fourth great grandmother. Been to the site many times. A sad place.

Carl W. BeltNo Gravatar says:
January 29th, 2018 at 7:25 pm

This post is for Art Hudson who had trouble finding the location. I was a member of a hunt club on W Charleston Rd. As a decendant of one of those killed, I visited the site many times. Going out W. Charleston, past the hunt club on the right, the next gravel road to the left takes you to the Massacre site. Sometimes there is a sign but it always seems to disappear. The site is on private land!

Carl W. BeltNo Gravatar says:
January 29th, 2018 at 7:11 pm

Mary Winifred Patrick Norris was my sixth great-grandmother. My Great-grandmother was Mary Caroline Norris Belt.

Chip TinsleyNo Gravatar says:
January 29th, 2018 at 10:15 am

THIS SUNDAY, February4, 2018 @ 3:00 pm, at the massacre site, Troy SC.
258th Anniversary rededication and commemoration service.

Greenwood Historical Society
McCormick History Society
Abbevile History
Site has been restored.
Also rededication: Battle of Long Cane and Ft Boone historical markers.

Tom MooreNo Gravatar says:
June 18th, 2018 at 12:31 pm

Please give me name of Calhoun book (Unit of Alabama).

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:58 am


Do you happen to have the name of this book? I would very much like to read it.

Ronald SmithNo Gravatar says:
January 27th, 2018 at 2:24 pm

University of Alabama published a book about the Calhoun family that goes back to about 1250. My family was in the book as well as many others. Fascinating stores are included. One family had six boys fight in the Civil War. Two were killed fighting for the North and two for the South. My great-gt gma was in that family in Atlanta.

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
January 7th, 2018 at 1:31 am

We often find ourselves thinking in that same type of reference. So glad he escaped and continued your family legacy.

Cassandra HuguleyNo Gravatar says:
January 5th, 2018 at 5:17 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 7x great grandmother and her son James is my 6x great grandmother. James’ son is my 5x great grandfather. The one who escaped, if it wasn’t for him escaping my dad and I would not be here nor would my brothers or sister. Crazy how things work.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
August 9th, 2017 at 2:38 pm


Is William Caldwell Calhoun the William Calhoun (son of Catherine Montgomery/Calhoun) and his wife Agnes Nancy Long/Calhoun your ancestors? If so, these are my 7th great-grandparents as well! My direct line of ancestors comes from their daughter Anne Qualres Calhoun who was abducted by the Cherokee Indians during the Long Can Massacre.

If possible at all, would it be ok to get more information about this cleaning up of the site? I would personally love to be there is possible to help out with our family’s historical site, take some photos, and spread the history.

Here is the lineage from William C. Calhouse and Agnes Nancy Long down to me:

William Caldwell Calhoun and Agnes Nancy Long > Anne Quarles Calhoun m: Isaac Edwards Mathews > Joseph Calhoun Mathew m: Margaret Brough > Martha Lorine Mathews m: Samuel Sheals Wilson > William Samual Shields (Sheals) Wilson m: Sarah Frances Alamo Rampy > John Samual Wilson m: Carrie Lou Smith > James Elmer Wilson m: Margaret Louise Dulaney > Rita Maude Wilson m: Weldon Ray Williams > Cynthia Ann Williams m: Jayson Allan Kainu > Morgan Alyssa Kainu (myself)

Best regards,

Morgan Kainu

Kevin NorrisNo Gravatar says:
February 21st, 2018 at 10:51 am

Hello Chip!
I would love more information on this rededication event. Is it now March 11th?

ChipNo Gravatar says:
February 2nd, 2018 at 6:27 pm

Yes. Thanks. It looks great. Will attempt to send pictures.


Our SUNDAY, March 11 2018 @ 3:00 pm, at the massacre site, Troy SC.
258th Anniversary rededication and commemoration service.

Greenwood Historical Society
McCormick History Society
Abbevile History
Site has been restored.
Also rededication: Battle of Long Cane and Ft Boone historical markers.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:57 am

Hi, Chip.

How did the cleanup go. I’m attempting to go to South Carolina in November for a Colquhoun clan get together and would love to connect of you are in the area.

Chip TinsleyNo Gravatar says:
August 8th, 2017 at 9:03 am

I am President of the Greenwood County Historical Society. I am a seventh generation descendent of William Calhoun, son of Catherine Calhoun, who survived this massacre. Along with local DAR, SAR, and historical societies from local counties we are in the midst of cleaning this site. We are planning a re-dedication of the Long Cane Massacre Site on February 4, 2018 @ 3:00 pm, if we are successful in work and funds for cleaning and redoing signs, markers, reposting signs, re-do of bridge, etc. This is an important site to our state and country, and to me personally. Please contact me with information, help, or anything relative to this.

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
April 30th, 2017 at 4:55 pm

Hello Art, did you try to go to the GPS coordinates marked? They are 33.99484, -82.33935. Pulling this up on Google, it brings you to Indian Massacre Road. You have to park along the road and walk over a small footbridge to the site.

Art hudsonNo Gravatar says:
April 30th, 2017 at 1:53 pm

Drove down road never found site. Everything was posted.

Jennifer G LowNo Gravatar says:
September 24th, 2016 at 8:47 pm

I am a descendant of Mary Winifred Patrick Norris She is my 7th great grandmother. When I think about how she died, it is terrifying and horrible to think about at all. And yet, I also have Cherokee Indian ancestry as well, and knowing that their land was literally taken from them, I can understand that they were fighting for all they had that they felt belonged to them. I don’t agree that they should have killed these people though, especially children and old women. Mary was 71 when she died. What harm would she have done to these Indians? None! It makes no sense. There’s nothing we can do about the past, but learn from it.

You’ve made a great memorial page here and just wanted to thank you for remembering our loved ones from long ago.

From a NORRIS family member who appreciates you!

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
January 31st, 2017 at 7:38 am

Thank you for these helpful directions!

RayNo Gravatar says:
January 30th, 2017 at 7:31 pm

Drive down South Carolina Highway 28 through Abbeville, SC and then go towards McCormick. After you pass Parsons Mountain Recreation Area, look for the sign on side of 28. It will tell you where to turn. Follow the road you turn on until it turns into a dirt gravel road. Continue on it until you see a sign on the right saying Indian Massacre Road. It will also be a gravel and dirt road. The site will be at the end of Indian Massacre Road. You can park and walk to the graves in a few minutes.

CoreyNo Gravatar says:
March 19th, 2017 at 2:29 pm

From the research that I’ve read, the Cherokee suffered a number of losses including the chief. Of course the actual numbers are unknown and accuracy can depend of the perspective of the source.

John FergusonNo Gravatar says:
February 24th, 2017 at 3:43 pm

Does anyone know if any Cherokee were killed and how many?

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
August 12th, 2016 at 8:34 am

The site is off a rural dirt road. Here are directions along with coordinates: 33° 59.7′ N, 82° 20.35′ W. Off Charleston Road West when traveling south.

Tom StevensNo Gravatar says:
August 11th, 2016 at 7:11 pm

Can you drive to the site? How far do you have to walk to get to the gravesite?

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:57 pm

James Calhoun, Catherine’s son, was also killed there. James’ wife, Susannah Long Calhoun, died the next day. Haven’t found any information about how she died, but wonder if she was there as well.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:52 am

Hi, Chantell!

Would love to connect and work together on our trees if you would be interested in adding one another? Catherine Calhoun/Colquhoun is my 8th great-grandmother.

ChantellNo Gravatar says:
March 5th, 2017 at 8:38 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 9th great aunt.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:53 am


Are you referring to Ann Quarles Calhoun?

Sheri TurnerNo Gravatar says:
October 23rd, 2016 at 6:36 pm

We are related as well. Her granddaughter was my great grandmother…captured and raised with the Cherokee.

Mark HickmanNo Gravatar says:
April 21st, 2018 at 8:14 pm

The book and biography of General Andrew Pickens describes much of the life of the settlers and the Cherokees. He married Rebecca Calhoun which escaped the massacre at Long Cane. General Pickens was in the Battle of Cowpens which Mel Gibson played in “The Patriot”.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
February 1st, 2018 at 12:54 am

Hi, Danny!

I do believe I have some information I found a few years back. Please feel free to email me so I can send you tje information I have.

Danny StantonNo Gravatar says:
September 30th, 2017 at 8:14 am

Hello Morgan, I stumbled onto webpage about the Long Cane Massacre where you said you were related to Ann Q. Calhoun who was abducted by Indians during the massacre. Do you known if there are any books or websites that record her remembrances of her experiences living with the Cherokees?

CoreyNo Gravatar says:
March 19th, 2017 at 2:41 pm

I, too, am related to the Calhoun family. Our oral history (some written as well) cites John C. Calhoun as my third (I think) great grandfather. The irony of this particular event in history is that my family and I descend from John C. Calhoun and a native American female, Cherokee, probably from the same band associated with this story. I’d love to see the information you have on our family. I can share our story as well.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
September 23rd, 2016 at 7:38 pm


We are related! I come from Ann Q. Calhoun (Catherine’s granddaughter) Ann was abducted by the Cherokee Indians before she was released years later and married Isaac Mathews.

Feel free to email me for any additional family info! We have a neat family lineage!

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:56 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 9X grandmother!

Tammy StansellNo Gravatar says:
October 31st, 2013 at 7:46 pm

James Calhoun, son of Catherine (Montgomery) Calhoun, was also killed at Long Canes Massacre.


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