South Carolina Picture Project

Dillard Barn — Mullins, South Carolina


SC Picture Project  |  Marion County  |  Dillard Barn

Deep in the heart of the South Carolina Pee Dee, the small community of Mullins is known for its tobacco production. In fact, Mullins was home to the state’s largest tobacco market in the early twentieth century. Since the late 1800s, tobacco auctions were held in buildings such as the now-demolished Old Brick Warehouse, selling the region’s famous Gold Leaf tobacco. This historic pole barn in rural Mullins serves as an example of where and how tobacco was cured, or dried. It was built by local farmer John H. Dillard and his two sons around 1894.

Dillard Barn

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The barn originally utilized a brick furnace to cure the tobacco leaves. Later, in the 1950s, an oil burner replaced the furnace. Curing with artificial heat was common in South Carolina; in other places natural ventilation was preferred. Flues, or openings, sat just above the barn’s floor, which was often made of dirt, as in this case. These flues allowed heat to circulate among the hanging leaves. The photo below shows a brick flue inside the Dillard Barn, its circular opening now filled. Weatherboard was eventually added to the barn’s exterior to help prevent heat from escaping.

Dillard Barn Interior

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The shed roof that once surrounded the barn, of which there now remains only a section, provided shade during the stringing process, when leaves were strung on poles to be hung within the barn (hence the name “pole barn”). The Dillard Barn was utilized for curing tobacco until 1981 when larger bulk tobacco barns were built on the property. However, the original Dillard Barn remains standing with remarkably few alterations, providing an increasingly rare reminder of Mullins proud agricultural past.

The Dillard Barn is listed in the National Register:

The Dillard Barn is significant for its association with the production of bright, or flue-cured, tobacco in Marion County, its connection with the development of Mullins as South Carolina’s largest tobacco market at the turn of the twentieth century, and as an excellent and intact example of a log or pole tobacco barn. It is an increasingly rare type of agricultural resource and one that is rapidly disappearing from the landscape of the Pee Dee region of South Carolina. The Dillard Barn, built ca. 1894-95 by John H. Dillard and his sons A.E. and Daniel Dillard, was used for curing tobacco from its construction until 1981 when bulk tobacco barns were placed on the property. There have been no additions to the barn since its construction, and few alterations. The original wood shingles were replaced with a tin roof, and in the 1950s, as curing fuels and technologies evolved, the brick furnaces and original flues were removed and replaced with an oil burner. The log barn is supported by a brick foundation with a dirt floor. It was constructed in a single pen plan, and the 6’ to 8’ logs used in the construction are saddle notched with a chinking of brick and clay. Weatherboards were placed between the logs on the exterior of the building. The building with its sheds has the appearance of a gable-on-hip roofed structure.


Dillard Barn Info


Address: 719 Virginia Drive, SC 29574
GPS Coordinates: 34.167900,-79.235465


Dillard Barn Map





Please Share Your Thoughts!


Did you enjoy this page? Do you have any information we should add? Send us your comments below — we can't wait to hear from you!






SC PICTURE PROJECT

Join Us on Facebook
Search for Landmarks

SC TOWNS & LANDMARKS

Abbeville ACE Basin Aiken Allendale Anderson Awendaw Bamberg Banks Barns & Farms Barnwell Batesburg-Leesville Beaches Beaufort Beech Island Belton Bennettsville Bishopville Blackville Bluffton Bridges Bygone Landmarks Camden Carnegie Libraries Cemeteries Charleston Charleston Navy Base Cheraw Chester Churches Clemson Clinton Clio Colleges Columbia Conway Cordesville Courthouses Darlington Denmark Dillon Donalds Easley Edgefield Edisto Elloree Fairfax Florence Folly Beach Forests and Nature Preserves Fort Mill Fountain Inn Gaffney Garden City Beach Georgetown Glenn Springs Graniteville Greeleyville Greenville Greenwood Greer Hamburg Hampton Hartsville Hemingway Hilton Head Historical Photos Historic Houses Honea Path Hopkins Huger Hunting Island Isle of Palms Jails James Island Johns Island Johnsonville Johnston Kiawah Island Kingstree Lake City Lake Marion Lakes Lancaster Landrum Latta Laurens Lexington Libraries Lighthouses Little River Manning Marion McClellanville McCormick Military Mills Moncks Corner Mountains Mount Carmel Mount Pleasant Mullins Murrells Inlet Myrtle Beach National Register Newberry Ninety Six North Augusta North Charleston North Myrtle Beach Orangeburg Pacolet Parks Pawleys Island Pendleton Pickens Piers Pinopolis Plantations Pomaria Port Royal Post Offices Ravenel Restaurants Ridge Spring Ridgeway Rivers Roadside Oddities Robert Mills Rock Hill Rockville Rosenwald Schools Salters Saluda Savannah River Site SC Artists SC Heroes of the Alamo Schools Seneca Shrimp Boats Society Hill Spartanburg Sports Springs St. George St. Helena Island St. Matthews Stores Sullivan's Island Summerton Summerville Sumter Sunset Synagogues Town Clocks Trains & Depots Trees Trenton Turbeville Ulmer Union Wadmalaw Island Walhalla Walterboro Waterfalls Water Towers West Columbia Westminster Winnsboro Yemassee York