Pon Pon Chapel of Ease — Jacksonboro, South Carolina
SC Picture Project | Colleton County | Pon Pon Chapel of Ease
Two walls, part of the cistern, and the churchyard are all that remain of the Pon-Pon Chapel of Ease in Colleton County. The name “Pon Pon” is an Indian phrase that may possibly have meant “big bends” in reference to an early settlement along the Edisto River. In fact, the section of the Edisto that winds around the area of the former settlement is sometimes called the Pon Pon River.
After the Church Act of 1706 made the Church of England the official church of South Carolina, the province was divided into parishes, each governed by a vestry of seven men. A parish church – where births, marriages, and deaths would be officially recorded – was to be established in each parish, with chapels of ease erected throughout the parish to accommodate those who lived too far away. Only worship services were conducted at these smaller chapels, leaving parish records the business of the parish churches.
St. Bartholomew’s Parish (now Colleton County) was one of South Carolina’s original 10 parishes, and initially several chapels of ease were built within the parish because the location of a central parish church was disputed among parish leaders. One early chapel of ease was located at Parkers Ferry Road, once a bustling stagecoach road between Charleston and Savannah.
When much of the parish was destroyed during the Yemassee War of 1715, the population dispersed, and St. Batholomew’s suffered even more difficulty in trying to establish a parish church location. Finally on December 9, 1725, the Assembly of the Province of South Carolina permitted a church to be built here and act as both a parish church and a chapel of ease, a unique arrangement in South Carolina.
A wooden church was built on or near this site soon after the 1725 decision to establish an official church here. John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, preached in the wooden building twice on April 24, 1737. In 1754 a brick structure replaced the wooden one. The brick church burned in 1801. From that point, the chapel became known colloquially as Burnt Church.
It took around 20 years to rebuild the chapel following the fire; the new sanctuary was completed sometime between 1819 and 1822. Sadly, in 1832 it was once again destroyed – either by fire or another devastating event – and this time, it was not rebuilt. Interestingly, although the church was reduced to ruins, families continued using its churchyard for their burials.
A 1959 hurricane toppled much of the remaining ruins of the church, further eroding the structure. However, the two standing walls allow viewers to imagine how the chapel of ease appeared in its glory. The South Carolina National Heritage Corridor is currently helping to fund a restoration effort of the ruins, overseen by the Colleton County Historical and Preservation Society.
Many prominent figures in South Carolina and Colleton County history are interred in the burial grounds at Pon-Pon. To learn of the legislators buried at here, the Political Graveyard website has an entry under Burnt Church Burial Ground. The church and cemetery can be found at a place called Burnt Church Crossroads – off SC 64 just outside of Jacksonboro.
The grounds of Pon Pon are temporarily closed to the public following damage caused by Hurricane Matthew, which swept through the state on October 8, 2017 (see below). The walls of the church still stand, but many trees and limbs toppled during the storm and others are in danger of falling. Please respect notices to stay away from the church and surrounding area due to safety concerns.
The Pon-Pon Chapel of Ease is listed in the National Register:
Established in 1725 by an Act of the General Assembly, Pon Pon Chapel of Ease was one of two churches serving St. Bartholomew’s Parish after the Yemassee War (1715) aborted plans for a parish church. The chapel site was located on Parker’s Ferry Road, the busy stagecoach thoroughfare that connected Charleston and Savannah. In 1754, a brick chapel was erected to replace the earlier wooden structure. This brick chapel burned in ca.1801, causing Pon Pon Chapel to become subsequently known as the Burnt Church. The chapel was rebuilt between 1819 and 1822, and was in use until 1832 when it was again reduced to ruins.
The façade of Pon Pon Chapel had a central, rounded arched entrance flanked by rounded arched windows on either side, all constructed in a brickwork pattern of one stretcher alternating with two headers. The two round windows in the façade’s upper level utilized the same brickwork pattern. The walls were constructed in Flemish bond. The chapel’s historical significance is due in part to Rev. John Wesley preaching two sermons here on April 24, 1737 and for its burial ground that contains the remains of Congressmen Aedanus Burke and O’Brien Smith, in addition to numerous local leaders.
Reflections on Pon-Pon Chapel of Ease
Photographer Tommy Matthews writes,”This photo was taken on February 2, 2007, while I was making a photographic jaunt through Colleton County into Walterboro and beyond. It has been my goal to take shots of all of the towns in the Lowcountry and the rest of the state as I get the opportunity. As it happens, the day was pleasantly cool and overcast, so shadows were not a problem. Burnt Church is near Jacksonboro, but it is off the beaten path just far enough that it is not overrun by people or plagued by litter. Not long after this the General Assembly held a session there to commemorate the same held during the Revolution after the fall of Charles Town. Several graves of early legislators are on the grounds. All in all, it is a lovely site.”
Frequent contributor Mike Stroud tells us, “Pon Pon Chapel is one of my favorite spots in the Lowcountry. Interestingly, in another cemetery nearby is the the grave of a former Captain of the USS Constitution … just another gem uncovered in South Carolina!”
Darrell Parker, who hails form North Charleston, says, “I come here about every year, it’s just so quite and peaceful. This place is a little hard to find, maybe that’s why no one has been here to destroy this beautiful historic spot.”
Pon Pon Chapel of Ease Info
Address: Parkers Ferry Road near intersection of Jacksonboro Road, Jacksonboro, SC 29428
GPS Coordinates: 32.80855,-80.49014
Pon Pon Chapel of Ease Map